Saturday, April 30, 2011

The Latest Development on Today's politics

            After a lengthy meeting that included consultations with lawyers over the next step that should be taken over the left-over elections in Imo State, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has resolved to conduct supplementary elections in the remaining local government areas of the state on May 6 this year.

       In a statement issued by the Secretary to the commission, Alhaji Abdullahi A. Kaugama at around 8.00 pm on Friday night while the meeting was still going on at INEC headquarters, the electoral body stated that the election would take place in four local governments and one ward in Imo State.

“Following the April 26, 2011 governorship election in Imo State which the Returning Officer ruled inconclusive, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has scheduled supplementary election to hold in selected areas on Friday, May 6, 2011.

“The supplementary election will hold in four (4) Local Government Areas namely; Ngor-Okpalla, Mbaitoli, Oguta and Egbema; as well as in Orji Ward in Owerri North Local Government Area.

“INEC urges all stakeholders to ensure the highest level of integrity and good conduct in the supplementary election to allow for smooth conclusion of the governorship poll,” Kaugama stated.

Speaking with The Nation in his office on Friday night, Mr Kayode Idowu, the Chief Press Secretary to INEC chairman, said that the decision was reached after deliberations with INEC’s lawyers.

“INEC met its lawyers to ensure that we are correct in terms of every expectation on legal requirement.
“Contrary to speculations in some quarters, Prof Jega has never said anything about declaration of a state of emergency,” he said.

The Imo governorship contest is getting more interesting and keener by the day.
The leading candidates, Ohakim and Okorocha, are said to be making appreciable showing and are currently running neck to neck. The supplementary election in the four LGs thus promises to be dicey because it is going to be the decider and both leading candidates will put everything into it. While Ohakim enjoys the advantage of incumbency, Okorocha is reaching to his goodwill as a philanthropist and a deep pocket.

At a time like this, you are conversant with a popular saying that "change is the only constant thing", i now want to add that it doesn't matter the cause or the time for the change, what matters most is your response towards to the change. Out of change, change can take place!

I only wish to ask whether there's any constitution in this Country that states that election should be conducted thirty (30) days before swearing in!

If you think you have the answer, please use the comment form!

Thursday, April 28, 2011

Latest In Today's Politics

 INEC Orders Rerun In Imo State

Governor Ikedi Ohakim
The Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC, said the winner of the gubernatorial in Imo State between the incumbent Governor Ikedi Ohakim of Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, and the leading challenger, Rochas Okorocha of All Progressives Grand Alliance, APGA, will only be determined after re-run polls in the local government areas where election results were  declared inconclusive as at yesterday.
Kayode Idowu, Chief Press Secretary to Professor Attahiru Jega, Chairman, INEC told said  this morning that the commission is upholding the declaration of the election as inconclusive by the Returning Officer for Imo State.
He said re-run election will be conducted only in those local governments where the polls were declared inconclusive. The re-run election, he said, will have to be conducted latest by tomorrow.
This is to meet the constitutional requirement which stipulates that elections must be held 30 days to the end of the tenure of the office holder.
The tenure of all the current elected office holders will end on 29 May.
Professor Enoch Akubundu, INEC Returning officer for Imo State gubernatorial election had said yesterday that the final results of the election could not be announced because only results from 24 out of the 27 local government areas in the state have been seen. 
According to him, it is necessary to note the results from all the local governments in the state since the two leading candidates are running together.
The two leading candidates were in a photo finish in the results of the local governments declared before the announcement by the Returning Officer.
Rochas Okorocha of APGA had won 12 local governments out of the 24 declared, while Ohakim had won in 11 local governments and was leading in Oguta with 12,216 against APGA’s 4,449 when the Returning Officer for the local government declared that there were no elections in some wards in the area.
The Returning Officer therefore declared the election in Oguta inconclusive. He added that there were also no elections at Ngor Okpalla LGA while in Mbaitoli, Ohaji/ Egbema LGAs, the elections were also inconclusive also because some wards were cancelled due to what the Returning Officer described as irregularities.
“In view of the closeness of the race, the governorship election in Imo State is hereby declared inconclusive. It will be inappropriate for me to announce the result that is inconclusive,” said Professor Akubundu who added that “so I won’t be able to declare a winner in the governorship election in Imo State”, declared. 
It was however gathered that Franklin Mathias, the Returning Officer for Ohaji/ Egbema LGA who claimed that there was no election in the area was confronted by party agents with results from the wards which he duly signed. 
Franklin did not deny that he signed the results. It was gathered that the Franklin has been handed over to the Police. 
It was gathered that supporters of Okoroacha had descended on the collation centre this morning, calling for the release of the remaining election results. 
Meanwhile, Owerri, the Imo State capital is still smarting from the tension-soaked governorship election that ended in a stalemate last night.
A combined team of mobile policemen and some Army personnel are now patrolling the streets of the capital to keep the peace, as opposition party supporters reject the outcome of the election.
Elections are now pending in the remaining four LGAs which will decide the winner between Okorocha and Ohakim who are now running neck-and neck.
In the three councils of Ohaji-Egbema, Oguta and Mbaitoli, elections were voided in many wards due to widespread irregularities. In the remaining one, Ngor-Okpala, elections did not hold at all because polling materials arrived very late.
The INEC office in Owerri says it is now awaiting the decision of the commission’s headquarters in Abuja on a date for the rerun of the election in the affected council areas. But it is not likely to hold before the weekend, INEC’s spokesperson in Imo, Samuel Bassey, disclosed this on phone this morning.
Drama and tension characterized the proceedings yesterday at the INEC collation centre in Owerri. Before the returning officer discontinued the announcement of the results, party agents of the APGA and the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) accused him of pandering to external pressure to skew the results in favour of Governor Ohakim of the PDP.
The opposition party agents and those of the PDP exchanged verbal attacks while the event was being transmitted live on national television, but security men promptly waded in to calm the situation.
The camp of the APGA candidate, Okorocha has expressed the confidence it would win the contest if the rerun ordered by INEC is allowed to be free and fair.
An APGA chieftain, Martins Agbaso, stated that “the will of the people cannot be changed. We have proven to them (PDP) that we are more popular than they thought.” 
The Governor, Ohakim’s camp has also said its chances are “very bright.” Chief Press Secretary to the governor, Henry Ekpe, also said this morning that “the four council areas in question are all PDP strongholds, and we are positive we would be victorious during the rerun.”
This evening, PDP supporters in Owerri are also storming the town, saying “Let’s Do More!”
We want to tell you to do what you feel is right, not according to the numerous text messages being sent across the State!
Remember, Democracy means Government of the people, to the people and by the people.  The problem of our time can only be solved when solved together. Stand up today to say Yes, to a candidate of your choice!

Wednesday, April 20, 2011

Negative Effects of April's Crises in Nigeria

               Assessing the impact and the implications of the crises, finance experts and industry analysts explained the negative effects of the crises on the economy and the outside investors who may want to invest in the Country.
                This is not in accordance to what some Christians quote saying that from the days of John the Baptist till today, everything is violence. But in this case, they do not seem to take the Presidential seat by violence, it is due to the announcement of the Saturday’s poll that we casted that retained the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, President G. E. J. on the seat which made some Northerners to start butchering other people from Monday that the news was broken. I wish to stop here and ask, must everybody lead? Have you seen any aspirant done the kind of campaign that our able and productive president did? My father always tells me that I should test myself with others to know whether I’m fully prepared. When you run alone, you think that you are the best, but test your ability with others to know your fate!
              According to him, nothing much is expected to change with the emergence of Goodluck Jonathan as president-elect because he is expected to continue with his ongoing policies.
"I don’t expect any change in economic and government policy. We already have an idea of the things he would be doing and the things he would not do,” Mr. Rewane added.
He said there was really no cause for alarm or anxiety, if every other factor was normal. “If oil production remains high, and oil prices are high, the economy would be relatively stable. However, I think it is still too early to place assumptions and forecast. The next few days, we would be in a better position to estimate and forecast on various economic variables and on the economy,” he further said.
The president is expected, among other things, to reform the power sector, sign the Petroleum Industry Bill, restructure the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, constitutionally preserve an oil-price based fiscal savings programme, boost infrastructure development, and improve execution of public affairs.
                                          Investment implications
According to him, this year’s presidential contest unfolded without any major irregularities that could undermine the credibility of the vote and the process appears to have been transparent.
“While some protests broke out in the northern parts of the country and the Congress for Progressive Change has rejected the poll results, we do not, however, foresee a drastic spike in violence across Nigeria in the coming days and weeks, even if the opposition disputes the outcome of the vote in court (as it did in 2003 and 2007).
“In our view, the relatively smooth electoral cycle in most of the country will be positively perceived by international investors, with the potential to mitigate previous concerns over Nigeria’s short-term political outlook. We think Jonathan’s decisive win will ease investor concerns, both domestically and Internationally,” Mr. Gadio said.
He added that the transparent presidential election will boost Nigeria’s institutional and democratic credentials, but the key test will be the extent to which Mr. Jonathan’s administration is able to reform the power sector and other critical areas.
“Such policy steps are urgently needed to unlock the country’s significant investment and economic potential,” he said.
Since May 2010 that Mr. Jonathan has been the nation’s president, he has embarked on a few policies which include the series of power reforms, and he recently launched gas revolution which would require millions of dollars as foreign direct investment.

Let's not forget that we were on a project of empowering people, empower your imaginations today to start producing soaps and market them at your own fixed price.

The future starts from your today's investment. Invest in your future today as we take you by hand and show you the things involved in soap production!

Causes of Crises in Nigeria

              I got moved when a friend called me and couldn’t say anything, but he only asked why…why…why? I thought he was asking why he never understood somethings in our free course on soap production, but he said not about that,but he started telling that he never saw a friend and that he's currently hiding under the protection of army men.
               The question of the causes of crises in Nigeria has been a major debate on our daily news and interaction with people.
                The question has been on air for a number of times now; some people attribute it to religious differences. Can you imagine this? Why should someone wish that everybody should share the same place of worship. I remember among our fundamental rights to include the right to place of worship. Is this not so? I am expecting a response with respect to this from you!
                From the questionnaire that was organized, other people say that the reason for this is Ethnicity. They see ethnicity as the main cause of crises in Nigeria. But I still don’t understand the backbone of this crises. Some people just deciding to kill others simply because they are not from the same ethnic group with them. Is that fair? Why would human blood just spilled like spillage in the Niger Delta regions?
The picture about the causes of crises in Nigeria such that people’d not even be able to explain the causes of crises in Nigeria to make them scatter and take army barracks as the only hiding place.
If I ever had opportunity to ask more questions, I’d ask, why can’t we just get along? I remember that someone once said that we may have different stories, we share the same hope.

Why can't we all get along?

Remember to check our lessons on production of soaps HERE! 

Tuesday, April 12, 2011

Phase 3 Of Free Course On Production of Soap

The Blueprint of the Best Soap Production Before we go, here is the table of content of what we started in our free course on production of soap
Today, we'll be taking you to the best ratio of acid/base constituents for the production of soap.
We'll also cover the procedure/method to be used in the production of soap.

The right measurement is done with the aid of hydrometer. Before I proceed, a hydrometer is an instrument used to measure the specific gravity (or relative density) of liquids; that is, the ratio of the density of the liquid to the density of water.
           A hydrometer is usually made of glass and consists of a cylindrical stem and a bulb weighted with mercury or lead shot to make it float upright. The liquid to be tested is poured into a tall container, often a graduated cylinder, and the hydrometer is gently lowered into the liquid until it floats freely. The point at which the surface of the liquid touches the stem of the hydrometer is noted. Hydrometers usually contain a scale inside the stem, so that the specific gravity can be read directly. A variety of scales exist, and are used depending on the need.
Hydrometers may be calibrated for different uses, for example, lactometer is used for measuring the density (creaminess) of milk, a saccharometer is used for measuring the density of sugar in a liquid, or an alcoholometer for measuring higher levels of alcohol in methylated spirits.
            Here, we are using hydrometer to measure to measure the concentration of the constituents of soap while in production.

A good soap product should read around 14 on the hydrometer. But, if you are not with any hydrometer now, from our experience, we have discovered that the acid and Oil phases should be in the ratio of   
 2 : 1 respectively, which can be used interchangeably.

Step 1;
 NaOH (aq)+   H2O(l)  + Stir  →    Acid phase

Step 2;
PK-oil  +  Sulphurnic acid  +  Stir +  Colour  + Stir  +
Fragrance  + Stir   Oil phase

Step 3;
Wait a bit, then mix the acid and oil phases together in the form of the reaction below;
Acid phase + Oil phase Sticky product of bar soap

Don't forget to watch out for the next phase! 

 Ubong Edem

Your Partner in Wealth creation!

Sunday, April 10, 2011


                         In case I forgot to let you know this, the order to be followed in our free complete course on production of soap is as follows;


5.       Introduction to the saponification reaction adopted
6.       Getting of the final product
7.       Packaging and selling
8.       Some advices from experts associated to the production of soap
9.       Discussion on adequate capital needed for a successful startup
10.   Discussion on different methods of producing bar soaps and bathing/toilet soap
11.   How to raise the needed capital from scratch within hours

                   As you can see, the main production of soap is just revolving about steps 4,5 and 6, while the remaining are just to keep you in the market. Remember, it is not about you starting the business, it is about making it to die hard in your hands. This is why we are here to lift up from where you are now, and make you fly on eagle’s wings. Here, there are no traffic jams or whatever, the sky is your starting point.

Your Partner in Wealth Creation

Friday, April 8, 2011

Phase 2 Of Free Course On Production of Soap

Welcome to the second phase of our course on production of soap!

Get the previous information that activated people to say to themselves that they are Champions here!

Today, we want to add to the yesterday's list of constituents of soap production.
Without wasting much of your time, below are some of the constituents of soap production;

4. TiO2 i.e. Titanium (iv) oxide

5. PK- Oil i.e. Vegetable oil or groundnut oil

6. Colour

7. Fragrance

8. 2 vessels for the mixture of acid and oil-phase, respectively

9. Stirrer

               Above is the list of the basic constituents of soap production. This is a rare opportunity to ensure that you avoid mistakes that people who claim to know more than others do. We just decided to stop there so that people do not  say that we have exposed their trade secrets, which is not our plan. We just want to make sure that people who pass through us have something to smile about. And the beginning of smile happens to be on the production of soap as the free course, i'm sure is one of the things that brought you here! That the Children of Isreal of old died did not mean that GOD did not love them, it is simply because they lacked the vision factor. Today, i want to tell you that where there is vision, there is provision!

Be ready to attend our next phase of the free course!

                                                                             UBONG EDEM


                                                                             JOIN US!

                                                     Empower your imaginations from here!


                 You may call this anything else, but we call it pushing above the limits because, without doing it, you may not have all the benefits that are due. Before we continue with our free course on soap production, we'd like you to do what we'll tell you now for your maximum benefit.

               All we want from you is to go to facebook, search for ONLY LEGITE, and become a member because that is where decisions concerning what is happening now are being made. Hence, we'd like you to  join us to at ONLY LEGITE and take decisions on what comes next.

             One of the reasons for this is in accordance to the popular saying that "two heads are better than one". This is one of the ways that you can come closer to us so that we know your needs and desires. Together, we succeed.

Remember, the act of building is done when people are together while that of destruction is done alone.

Our journeys of miles always begin with a step. Here is a step to come closer so that we can feel your impact the more. "THE COMPLETE COURSE ON PRODUCTION OF SOAP" that you are enjoying now is as a result of comments and suggestions from members of "ONLY LEGITE" group on facebook.

                                                 HAPPY FREE COURSE ON PRODUCTION OF SOAP!

                                                                                                  DEDICATED TO YOUR WELL-BEING!


Thursday, April 7, 2011


Get the phase one of soap production!

Phase 1 of soap production!

Phase one of manufacturing of soaps and detergents involves definition of terms
associated to the production and selection of raw materials. We know, you wouldn't want to hear
things that are abstract, neither do we pray so. The reasons for making you know, at least, the
basic parts are uncountable. In Chemical engineering, we call it material selection.
Raw materials are selected on the basis of various factors,
including - cost, human and environmental safety, compatibility with other
ingredients, and the performance characteristics and appearance of the final
product. The actual production process may vary from company to company
and manufacturer to manufacturer,there are some steps, which are common to all
types of cleaning products.

Basic definitions;

1. Soap:
Soap is a metallic ester that contains 13 to 18- molecules of Carbon and about 35-molecules of Hydrogen. I can also add that soap is a compound that has both hydrophilic and hydrophobic abilities where the hydrophobic makes it possible for your soap to dissolve in water being the acidic part of the soap while hydrophilic makes it possible for your soap to dissolve in oily substances as well, being the hydrocarbon part.

In chemistry, soap is a salt of a fatty acid. Soap is mainly used for washing, bathing, and cleaning, but soaps
are also important components of lubricants. Soaps for cleansing are obtained by treating vegetable or animal oils and fats with a strongly alkaline solution. Fats and oils are composed of triglycerides: three molecules of fatty acids attached to a single molecule of glycerol. The alkaline solution, often lye, promotes a chemical reaction known as saponification which is closely related to that of detergent production. In saponification, fats are broken down (hydrolyzed) yielding crude soap. Fats are transformed into salts of fatty acids and glycerol is liberated, leaving glycerin as a by-product.
          Soaps are derivatives of fatty acids. Traditionally, soaps are derived from triglycerides (vegetable and animal fats). Triglyceride is the technical name for these triesters of fatty acids. Sodium tallowate, a common ingredient in many soaps, is derived from rendered beef fat. Typical vegetable oils used in soap making are palm oil, where the product is typically softer. If soap is made from pure olive oil it may be called Castile soap or Marseille soap. The term 8 "castile" is also sometimes applied to soaps with a mix of oils, but a high percentage of olive oil. Aside from olive oil, other saponifiable oils and fats include coconut, palm, cocoa butter, hemp oil, and shea butter to provide different qualities. For example, olive oil provides mildness in soap. Coconut oil provides lots of lather. Coconut and palm oils
provide hardness. Sometimes castor oil can also be used as an humectant. Most common, though, is a combination of coconut, palm, and olive oils. Smaller amounts of unsaponifiable oils and fats that do not yield soap are sometimes added for further benefits.

2. Biodegradable:
This is a chemical way of saying that a something is made from natural products.

3. Metallic ester:
From our physical sciences, we know that a metal is something that has the ability to react. Soaps are metallic esters due to their possession of hydrophobic ( Oily or insoluble in water, ie.9
hydrocarbon chain) and the hydrophilic (water loving or soluble in water, i.e. COO- Na+)

4. Hydrophobic:
In a local man language, this means water-loving. As a Chemist, it is the acidic part of the soap that helps in attracting water to the soap molecules.

5. Hydrophilic:
Also, in a local man's language, this is the water-hating part of the soap. This are the molecules attached to compound by hydrocarbons used in the soap production.

NOTE: The combination of the hydrophobic and hydrophilic characteristics of the saop makes it posiible for our soap products not to re-deposit the dirts that you thought to have already been cleaned from the material that are being cleaned by the use of the soap product.

             Perhaps, this is one the things that we use to know that a soap product is good as we have already stated in soap production and economics earlier discussed!


We would not like to waste your time, follow us to materials needed for the production:
1. NaOH (aq), Caustic soda

2. Sulphurnic acid

3.H2O2 (aq) i.e. Hydrogen peroxide

Watch out for other constituents as we continue on phase 2!



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Watch out for phase 2!